Have you been diligent about calculating and reporting regulatory AUM for your RIA?Dan Jameison of InvestmentNews.com put out a great article about an RIA firm that allegedly has mis-calculated assets under management.
The firm was setting AUM at $25 million over the past several years (the former SEC minimum threshold). The assets were not accurate and the state believed that they included assets under their broker-dealer affiliation, which are not assets of the RIA.
The Massachusetts Securities Division has denied registration to this RIA firm and they no longer qualify for SEC registration. Effectively, they are out of business.
Read the full story at InvestmentNews.com
Here is a recap of the current rules related to calculating your RIA's "Regulatory Assets Under Management".
Advisors must quantify the amount of assets they manage. Advisors must calculate "Regulatory Assets Under Management", which is slightly different from the asset calculations you are used to. Here are the key components to the calculation:
Include the securities portfolios for which you provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services as of the filing date. An account is a securities portfolio if at least 50% of the total value of the account consists of securities. For purposes of this 50% test, you may treat cash and cash equivalents (i.e., bank deposits, certificates of deposit, bankers acceptances, and similar bank instruments) as securities.You must include securities portfolios that are:
- Your family or proprietary accounts;
- Accounts for which you receive no compensation for your services; and
- Accounts of clients who are not United States persons.
Value of Portfolio
Include the entire value of each securities portfolio for which you provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services.If you provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services for only a portion of a securities portfolio, include as regulatory assets under management only that portion of the securities portfolio for which you provide such services.
- Under management by another person; or
- That consists of real estate or businesses whose operations you “manage” on behalf of a client but not as an investment.
(i) Determine which assets constitute "Continuous and Regular Supervisory or Management Services". You provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services with respect to an account if:
- You have discretionary authority over and provide ongoing supervisory or management services with respect to the account; or
- You do not have discretionary authority over the account, but you have ongoing responsibility to select or make recommendations, based upon the needs of the client, as to specific securities or other investments the account may purchase or sell and, if such recommendations are accepted by the client, you are responsible for arranging or effecting the purchase or sale.
- The Advisory Contract. If you agree in an advisory contract to provide ongoing management services, this suggests that you provide these services for the account. Other provisions in the contract, or your actual management practices, however, may suggest otherwise.
- Compensation. If you are compensated based on the average value of the client’s assets you manage over a specified period of time that suggests that you provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services for the account. If you receive compensation in a manner similar to either of the following, that suggests you do not provide continuous and regular supervisory or management services for the account.
- You are compensated based upon the time spent with a client during a client visit; or
- You are paid a retainer based on a percentage of assets covered by a financial plan.
- Management practices. The extent to which you actively manage assets or provide advice bears on whether the services you provide are continuous and regular supervisory or management services. The fact that you make infrequent trades (e.g., based on a “buy and hold” strategy) does not mean your services are not “continuous and regular.”
- Have discretionary authority to allocate client assets among various mutual funds;
- Do not have discretionary authority, but provide the same allocation services, and satisfy the criteria set forth in Instruction 5.b.(3);
- Allocate assets among other managers (a “manager of managers”), but only if you have discretionary authority to hire and fire managers and reallocate assets among them; or
- You are a broker-dealer and treat the account as a brokerage account, but only if you have discretionary authority over the account.
- Provide market timing recommendations (i.e., to buy or sell), but have no ongoing management responsibilities;
- Provide only impersonal investment advice (e.g., market newsletters);
- Make an initial asset allocation, without continuous and regular monitoring and reallocation; or
- Provide advice on an intermittent or periodic basis (such as upon client request, in response to a market event, or on a specific date (e.g., the account is reviewed and adjusted quarterly).
Determine your regulatory assets under management based on the current market value of the assets as determined within 90 days prior to the date of filing this Form ADV. Determine market value using the same method you used to report account values to clients or to calculate fees for investment advisory services. In the case of a private fund, determine the current market value (or fair value) of the private fund’s assets and the contractual amount of any uncalled commitment pursuant to which a person is obligated to acquire an interest in, or make a capital contribution to, the private fund.
You should consider the following examples in calculating your value of Regulatory Assets Under Management.
The client's portfolio consists of the following:
|Stocks and Bonds||$6,000,000|
|Cash and Cash Equivalents||$1,000,000|
|Non-securities (collectibles, commodities, real estate, etc.)||$3,000,000|
- First, is the account a securities portfolio? The account is a securities portfolio because securities as well as cash and cash equivalents (which you have chosen to include as securities) ($6,000,000 + $1,000,000 = $7,000,000) comprise at least 50% of the value of the account.
- Second, does the account receive continuous and regular supervisory or management services? The entire account is managed on a discretionary basis and is provided ongoing supervisory and management services, and therefore receives continuous and regular supervisory or management services.
- Third, what is the entire value of the account? The entire value of the account ($10,000,000) is included in the calculation of the adviser's total regulatory assets under management.